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Disk Encryption vs File Encryption: Which offers more security

As you probably know that encryption is essential for us.

But, when there are two types of encryption, it’s hard for consumers to decide which one they should go for. Disk Encryption vs File Encryption is among the most significant competitors.

Why is it necessary to encrypt data?

Today’s internet-connected culture is more critical than ever to keep information secure. Whether personal or professional, your data is continuously in danger of falling into the hands of the wrong people, which is why you should utilize the best encryption software available.

Data encryption is a critical component of data security. At its most basic, it is the process of scrambling text (called ciphertext) to render it illegible to an unauthorized user. Individual files, folders, volumes, or whole drives on a computer or USB device, as well as information on the cloud, maybe encrypted.

As security technology improves your data protection, hackers discover new methods to circumvent it; consequently, new encryption techniques are constantly being created to counter them. Let’s look at some of the most prevalent encryption techniques, kinds, and how they may aid you.

Disk Encryption vs File Encryption: Which offers more security

Files and Folder encryption

Encrypting specific folders, files, or volumes is done using a file or folder encryption system. This gives users control over who has access to what information. It is a method of preserving vast volumes of data or securing sensitive data over the internet and throughout transit, use, and storage.

File encryption has a minor effect on system performance since it utilizes fewer resources. A file-based encryption system is analogous to a bank vault lockbox.

Even if the vault is breached, each box has its layer of security that needs concerted effort to breach. Similarly, if your device is hacked, lost, or stolen, a third party will not view your files and folders since each file is encrypted and cannot be accessed without the key.

AxCrypt is a free, open-source file/folder encryption software available for Windows, Android, iOS, and even macOS. AxCrypt secures data while it is being transferred or at rest. Users have complete control over their data.

Disk encryption

Full disk encryption (FDE) is, as the name indicates, disk-level encryption. Data is automatically encrypted when written to or read from a disc.

It encrypts entire hard drive data, including the operating and file systems. It is only used to keep data secure while being stored or not in transit. Full disk encryption works similarly to locking a house’s outside doors, but not its inside rooms do.

Of course, it’s a good idea to safeguard the front door so that intruders can’t quickly get entry, but if they do get in, they’ll have complete access to everything within.

Similarly, disk encryption protects information as a whole by converting it all into an unreadable code that is difficult for unauthorized persons to decipher. ( Disk Encryption vs File Encryption )

There are two methods of disk encryption, which we will discuss in detail below.

Disk encryption with BitLocker

BitLocker is a full-disk encryption technique featured in the most recent Windows operating systems (Windows 10) that uses AES (128 and 256-bit) encryption to secure data on hard drives.

When BitLocker Drive Encryption is enabled and the user adds new files, BitLocker automatically encrypts them. Using the Static Root of Trust Measurement, BitLocker with TPM protection prohibits out-of-OS change of boot components.

BitLocker requires the user to input a recovery key only when the disk is corrupted or when the PIN or password is lost.

Disk encryption with FileVault

Apple’s FileVault is a whole-disk encryption function integrated into macOS. Like BitLocker for Windows, FileVault offers strong encryption for files and data on Mac computers, protecting the whole drive and its contents.

When you enable FileVault, it works silently in the background, encrypting all device data on the fly without creating any disturbances.

How is AxCrypt different from BitLocker and FileVault?

BitLocker and FileVault are both disk encryption programs that work similarly but on different operating systems. Both are designed to protect data stored on workstations and mobile devices and can encrypt whole hard drives, including both system and data disks.

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On macOS, FileVault full-disk encryption (FileVault 2) employs XTS-AES-128 encryption with a 256-bit key to help prevent unwanted access to data. FileVault encrypts the data saved on your Mac, making it unreadable until the login password is provided.

BitLocker offers encrypted hard drives with built-in encryption hardware, which administrators may administer with BitLocker management tools.

File-based encryption is a kind of transparent encryption that fills in the gaps left by whole disk encryption. When BitLocker is configured on a system drive, and the PC has a TPM, you may require users to provide a PIN before BitLocker can unlock the disk. Data is only protected by disk encryption for as long as it remains on the disk; if a user removes a file from an encrypted device, that file is no longer safe.

Furthermore, disk encryption is untrustworthy if the whole system is physically compromised. Consequently, the file-based encryption strategy is the best solution in the great majority of circumstances.